Wisconsin is reporting its first death in the US that may be linked to a baffling childhood hepatitis outbreak 2022-04-28 17:57:56

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Wisconsin The Department of Health Services (DHS) issued a health alert Wednesday about the first child death in the United States likely linked to the mysterious outbreak of childhood hepatitis and adenovirus, according to a recent report. statment.

“Since the adenovirus-associated hepatitis group was notified, DHS is now investigating at least four similar cases among children in Wisconsin. This includes two children who had serious outcomes, one liver transplant, and one death. ”

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The statement urges doctors to United State To consider adenovirus testing in pediatric patients with hepatitis of unknown etiology and report these cases to state public health laboratories and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, on Saturday, March 14, 2020.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, on Saturday, March 14, 2020.
(Ilya Novellag/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

The agency issued the first official health Alert last week regarding a group of 9 cases of previously healthy children with liver disease, including three with liver failure and two requiring liver transplants, who were admitted to a large children’s hospital in Alabama between October 2021 and February 2022. Five of the nine samples that were sampled She tested positive for adenovirus type 41 . infection.

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Two “school-age” children in North Carolina who developed acute hepatitis have recovered, said Billy Pennington, a spokesperson for the state’s Department of Health and Human Rights. Services.

The Illinois Department of Public Health is investigating three suspected cases of hepatitis under the age of 10 likely linked to the adenovirus, including two in suburban Chicago, where one required a liver transplant.

This photo illustration shows a disposable syringe with a hypodermic needle, Hepatitis B written on a whiteboard behind.

This photo illustration shows a disposable syringe with a hypodermic needle, Hepatitis B written on a whiteboard behind.
(Frank Benewald/LightRocket via Getty Images)

The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported 169 cases of acute idiopathic hepatitis, ranging from 1 month to 16 years, with nearly 10% requiring liver transplantation and at least 1 death, according to April 23. Report.

The organization noted that the majority of these cases to date are in the United Kingdom, where “…the country has recently observed a marked increase in adenovirus infection in the community (particularly detected in stool samples in children) after lower circulating levels earlier in the year. COVID-19 pandemic. ”

A child in a hospital bed holding his parents' hand.

A child in a hospital bed holding his parents’ hand.
(istock)

The World Health Organization said 74 cases have tested positive for the adenovirus in the outbreak, which has now reached 12 countries worldwide. Since their report, Japan and Canada are now investigating similar cases, according to USA Today.

The organization also noted that the “vast majority” of reported cases did not receive the COVID-19 vaccine.

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“While adenoviruses are currently one hypothesis as the underlying cause, they do not fully explain the severity of the clinical picture. Infection with adenovirus type 41, the type of adenovirus involved, has not previously been linked to such a clinical presentation,” according to the WHO. She said.

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