WHO and UNICEF warn of ‘perfect storm’ for measles in children 2022-04-29 10:11:14

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UNICEF and World Health Organization (WHO) They warn societies of what they say are a ‘perfect storm’ of circumstances measles Outbreak of the disease in children.

The agencies that mentioned all over the world Measles cases increased 79% in the first two months of 2022, compared to the same period last year.

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approx 17338 Measles cases were reported worldwide in January and February 2022, compared to 9,665 cases during the first two months of 2021.

Countries with the largest outbreaks include Somalia, Yemen, Nigeria, Afghanistan and Ethiopia.

There have been 21 major and volatile outbreaks in the past 12 months, from April 2021 through April 2022, most of which were reported in Africa and the eastern Mediterranean region. This number is likely much higher than what has been reported.

Africa recorded a 400% increase In measles, to more than 17,000 cases between January and March.

The World Health Organization said the increase in cases is a “worrying sign of the increased risk of the disease spreading.” Vaccines can be prevented diseases and could lead to a larger outbreak “affecting millions of children.

The agency indicated that COVID-19 Pandemic-related disruptions, inequalities in vaccines and diversion of resources from routine immunization are leaving children unprotected from measles and other vaccine-preventable diseases.

The risk has been further increased by permissive COVID-19 mitigation measures and displacement due to conflict and crisis.

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“Measles is very contagious, cases tend to emerge quickly when vaccination levels are low. Agencies are concerned that measles outbreaks could also warn of outbreaks of other diseases that are not spreading quickly,” she said.

“The COVID-19 pandemic has brought immunization services to a halt, health Systems have been overworked and we are now witnessing a resurgence of deadly diseases including measles. For many other diseases, the impact of these disruptions to immunization services will continue to be felt for decades to come, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of the World Health Organization, said in a statement. “Now is the time to get a basic immunization.” Getting back on track and launching catch-up campaigns so everyone can access these lifesaving vaccines.”

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), measles virus spreads through air It is very contagious.

It can also be dangerous, and cause serious health complications, especially in children younger than 5 years old.

About one in five people infected with measles in the United States will be hospitalized, one in 1,000 will develop brain swelling and one in three in 1,000 will die — even with the best care.

The World Health Organization notes that the measles virus weakens the immune system, making a child more susceptible to other infectious diseases for months after infection.

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Two doses of the measles vaccine can protect children from measles, but disruptions have delayed the introduction of the second dose of measles vaccine in many countries.

In 2020, 23 million children did not receive essential childhood vaccinations through routine health services: the highest number since 2009 and an increase of 3.7 million from 2019.

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