And it was high prices, not quantities, that accounted for most of that increase.
The European Union accounted for about 70% of Russia’s fossil fuel export revenue globally, which amounted to 63 billion euros ($66.3 billion) in the two-month period.
The European Union imported 10% more Russian gas through pipelines in the two-month period, and 20% more liquefied natural gas, but the export volumes of Russian oil and coal to the bloc fell by 20% and 40%, respectively.
The findings were published as Europe comes under mounting pressure to ban Russian oil imports and accelerate its move away from Russian gas to stop the Kremlin’s enrichment, indirectly financing the war in Ukraine.
The Russian economy was affected by Western sanctions that targeted the province’s central bank and froze about half of the country’s $600 billion foreign exchange reserves.
“The fact that their coffers are bloated with the windfall they got from fossil fuel prices is a very bad outcome,” Mylifera told CNN.
It presents a particular challenge for Germany, which has been the largest single buyer of Russian fossil fuels globally since the invasion, with purchases of 9.1 billion euros, according to CREA.
Italy was the second largest buyer, moving 6.9 billion euros to Russia, followed by China, the Netherlands, Turkey and France.
The European Union has pledged to break its dependence on Russian energy by 2027, and is working on an oil embargo that could be announced as early as next week, but the report shows that the diversification measures announced so far will not achieve much in the short term. .
“Everything that has been announced about green energy and energy efficiency is impressive, if you look at the potential impact over the next few years,” Mylifera said.
“But then, as we mentioned, the short-term component — which would do as much as possible to reduce Russia’s revenue in the near term — was really missing.”
To reach its conclusions, CREA researchers tracked seaborne deliveries using ship position data (AIS) and pipeline deliveries using data from Eurostat and the European Network of Gas Transportation Systems Operators.
Several European energy companies are now in talks with Gazprom about their gas contracts. Germany’s Uniper and Austria’s OMV said, on Thursday, that they believe it is possible to comply with Moscow’s new payment mechanism without being subjected to EU sanctions.