California announces historic emergency water measures amid drought 2022-04-27 11:22:38


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Historically severe drought in Southern California forced a water supplier to implement ’emergency’ conservation measures for the first time It will affect about 6 million people.

Southern California’s Metropolitan Water District (MWD) declared a water emergency on Tuesday and ordered limits to “reduce non-essential water use” for parts of Los Angeles, Ventura and San Bernardino counties. The move includes the unprecedented measure of restricting outdoor watering to one day a week for about a third of their area.

water area attributed An emergency declaration regarding its “reliance” on “extremely limited” water supplies in Northern California, which is also suffering from severe drought. This comes at a time when the state has witnessed a lack of rainfall and abnormally high temperatures in recent years.

“The past three years are expected to be the driest in our state’s history, resulting in drought conditions unlike anything we’ve seen before,” I tweeted.

The water restrictions come into effect on June 1, when cities and smaller suppliers connect to The water district will be required to reduce outdoor water use or meet certain monthly allocation limits. Those who do not meet the requirements will be fined $2,000 per acre foot for any water The supplier agency that transcends borders. Officials said some areas will have to make even deeper cuts, but everyone in Southern California is being urged to reduce their water use immediately by 20 to 30 percent.

The agency gets water from the State and Colorado River Water Project, and serves 19 million people in six counties. While it has worked to improve its water distribution network for decades, its board of directors advertiser “It cannot meet normal demands” due to the depth and duration of the drought, now entering its third year.

Entering its third year, a California drought is stifling the agricultural industry

In August, the water level fell in Lake Mead, a reservoir on the Colorado River, prompted the federal government to declare a water shortage there for the first time. As of Wednesday, water levels in Lake Mead were about a third of their capacity.

Some neighboring areas of Southern California have already imposed restrictions. For example, the municipal water area of ​​Las Virgenes is under a local emergency due to drought Reduce water budgets for its customers half.

The roots of the crisis go back to a period between fall 2019 and fall 2020, when rainfall was exceptionally low. This fall, the area’s luck almost changed when inclement weather brought torrential rain and mountain snow to the northern part of the state. However, the tap was largely closed from January to March, which was The start of the driest year Registered in California.

Experienced parts of California Helpful rain and snow last week But not enough to have a significant effect on drought.

Currently, 95 percent of the state — including Los Angeles, Ventura and San Bernardino counties — is experiencing severe to severe drought. Statewide snow around 35 percent of normal.

Scientists have determined that the extremely arid conditions over the past three years are part of a longer mega drought, which has lasted since 2000. Research published in February shows that this 22-year period is the driest in 1,200 years and is linked to human action. Climate change.

“Without climate change, this wouldn’t be anywhere near as bad,” said climate scientist Park Williams. Washington Post.

The study found the drought in the southwest to be the most extreme in 1,200 years

Forecasters call the current drought to Continue through the summer With California entering the dry season, it usually sees very little rain or snow.